To some people, Queensland’s familiar timber and tin homes gave Brisbane, and other Queensland cities and towns, a particular temporary, insubstantial air. Known as ’The Queenslander’, they seemed so much less solid and permanent than homes built of brick or stone. Many Queensland houses were placed high in the air on tall stumps, as the supporting piers have been called, and seemed likely to simply fly away.
The Queensland house was relatively cost-effective when wood was plentiful, easy to move from place to place, and, in a relatively benign climate, single skin, unlined walls were all that were thought to be needed to protect dwellers~people~the dwellers within} from cold. Stout corrugated iron roofs stood up to heavy tropical rain and was re-usable if dislodged by cyclonic winds.
Verandahs sheltered people from burning sun and also caught any breeze that may have been passing during the steamy summer. Covers over window openings meant that windows didn’t have to be closed when humidity brought rain. Cleverly placed little revolving tin cylinders on the roofs removed hot air that filled ceiling spaces through decorative fretwork openings.
Although timber is not a particularly effective insulator for either heat or cold, air could flow along long central hallways in the typical Queensland house and also across the house from an open window on one side through open doors to the open window on the opposite side. The exterior of some houses were painted, others were simply oiled. Some verandahs were built with elaborate and expensive iron lace; others simply with timber dowels and carved timber decoration in pediments over the front stairs.
Despite the impression of apparent impermanence, the Queensland house has survived since its first appearance in the mid-nineteenth century. However, it has evolved. The simple two-room or four-room cottage has given way to much larger, sprawling homes. The pattern of the Queenslander house can be translated into early types of kit-set homes.
Many were manufactured by companies in Brisbane and transported long distances almost as flat-packs on trains. Collections of verandahs, tongue and groove boards for walls and sheets of corrugated iron for roofs were available at their destination for assembling. The public housing movement that produced workers cottages adapted the materials to differing shapes and sizes suitable for lower-cost housing.
After the war, the Queenslander seemed out of date in a world of modem architecture. Brick houses, American ranch style residences and other imported styles began to populate new suburbs. However, Brisbane is a hilly city and even modem designs often adapted the idea of stumps so that houses could be close to the ground near the top of a rising allotment and high where the ground fell away. In the late twentieth century, the old materials, tin and timber, were given new currency by innovative architects to create distinctly modem, light and airy Queensland homes.
In the 1970s and 1980s, when a drift back to the inner suburbs attracted a new generation, old Queenslanders were discovered by younger owners. They painted them lovingly and added various renovations to bring an old favourite into the modem era.
However they originated, whether from sugar planters houses in the West Indies, bungalows in India or high houses in Malaysia, the Queenslander still distinguishes Brisbane from other Australian capital cities.